After independence, the Tunisian government implemented a plan to cope with population growth of the city and country, a system of family planning, to attempt to lower the rate of population growth. Tunis was quiet during the First World War. The governorates as well as all cities and communes in Tunisia. In total the governorate of Tunis registered 24,095 licences for various clubs in the municipal area in 2007. Founded in 1964, much of the festival is held in an old amphitheater of Carthage (with a capacity of 7,500 seats), and hosts the performances of singers, musicians, actors, dancers and films on display on outdoor screens. (mid-2011 estimates) Below is the area and population of each country. Tunis is the headquarters of the Greek Orthodox Holy Archdiocese of Carthage with jurisdiction over Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. [91], Parts of this article (those related to the city's economy) need to be, Development under the French protectorate. La Tunisie compte 10 millions 982 mille 754 habitants y compris les étrangers, résidant en Tunisie durant une période de 6 mois au minimum, contre 9 millions 910 mille 900 habitants en 2004, selon le recensement général de la population et de l’habitat de 2014. The generally flat terrain and the two main rivers in Tunisia, the Medjerda to the north and the Milian to the south, the soils are fertile. Tunisia mostly relies on gas imports to meet its primary energy needs: almost 97% of its electricity generation came from gas in 2016. He felt very lonely and could not hold back the tears coming from his eyes. Because its culture and records were destroyed by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War, very few Carthaginian primary historical sources survive. Thus, Tunisia has initiated an early family planning program whose objective is the reduction in fertility. We do not currently publish estimates of population by ethnicity. It took some time to run properly but soon organized meetings between the teams in schools. Tunisia population density is 72.7 people per square kilometer (188.2/mi 2) as of January 2021. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Tunisia. Name Native Status Population Census 2004-04-28 Population Census 2014-04-23; Jemmal [Jammel] The governor appointed by Béjaïa, having reestablished order in the country, did not hesitate to free himself from the Hammadids to found the Khurasanid dynasty with Tunis as its capital. Louis himself died before the walls of the capital and the army was forced out. The Palestine Liberation Organization also had its headquarters in Tunis, from 1982 to 2003. Some scholars relate it to the Phoenician goddess Tanith ('Tanit or Tanut), as many ancient cities were named after patron deities. [13] Situated on a hill, Tunis served as an excellent point from which the comings and goings of naval and caravan traffic to and from Carthage could be observed. Walls were built to protect the emerging principal town of the kingdom, surrounding the medina, the kasbah and the new suburbs of Tunis. Both Tunis and Carthage were destroyed; Tunis, however, was rebuilt first[14] under the rule of Augustus and became an important town under Roman control and the center of a booming agricultural industry. Tunis has some of the most important libraries in Tunisia including the National Library of Tunisia which was first installed in 1924 in the Medina, in a building built in 1810 by Hammouda Bey to serve as barracks for troops and then a jail. Recorded history in Tunisia begins with the arrival of Phoenicians, who founded Carthage and other North African settlements in the 8th century B.C. Bab Souika (initially known as Bab El Saqqayin) had a strategic role to keep the roads to Bizerte, Béja and Le Kef. [89] Tunis is a center of Tunisian culture. This resulted in the first demolition of the old city walls, from 1860, to accommodate growth in the suburbs. Tableau II : Projections de la population tunisienne de 2004 à 2024 (Source : INS, les projections de la population Tunisienne 1999- 2029) 2004 2009 2014 2019 2024 The films The English Patient (1996) and The Last Days of Pompeii (2003) were also shot in studios in Tunis. The Greater Tunis area has an area of 300,000 hectares, 30,000 of which is urbanized, the rest being shared between bodies of water (20,000 hectares of lakes or lagoons) and agricultural or natural land (250,000 hectares). Imen Haouari, « Pluies torrentielles sur la capitale ». The present study attempts to delineate the spectrum of beta-thalassemia (thal) mutations in Tunisia by studying a large population from different parts of the country. Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat de 2004: Caractéristiques démographiques de la population, et caractéristiques des noyaux familiaux et de la population infirme. According to the first results of the census, the number of residents in Tunisia in 2014 is 10 982.8 thousand people. Such an operation would require the upgrading of the docks' TGM stations so that they become suitable for light rail trains. As the city has grown and native Tunisians gradually began to replace the extensive European population, conflict between the Arab city and the European city has gradually decreased with the arabization of the population. The population of Tunisia is primarily of Berber ancestral origin (>60%). This gives a total population for the UK from 1851 onwards, quinary (5 year) age breakdown from 1953 - 1970 and a single year of age breakdown from 1971 to the most recent data available (2015). The city had the natural advantage of coastal access, via the Mediterranean, to the major ports of southern Europe. The architectural heritage is also omnipresent in the homes of individuals and small palace officials as well as in the palace of the sovereign of Kasbah. The axis to the structure of this part of the city is the Avenue Habib Bourguiba, designed by the French to be a Tunisian form of Champs-Élysées in Paris with its cafes, major hotels, shops and cultural venues. North of the Avenue Bourguiba is the district of La Fayette, which is still home to the Great Synagogue of Tunis and the Habib Thameur Gardens, built on the site of an ancient Jewish cemetery which lay outside the walls. Thus, during Agathocles' expedition, which landed at Cape Bon in 310 BC, Tunis changed hands on various occasions. majorité des Tunisiens résidaient dans les zones urbaines en 2004 soit, 65% contre 61% en 1994. In 1985, the PLO's headquarters was bombed by Israeli Air Force F-15s, killing approximately 60 people. [31] Twenty civilians and one policeman were killed in the attack, while around 50 others were injured. [9], Ruins of the Baths of Antoninus in Carthage, The Lady of Carthage mosaic, one of the major surviving pieces of Byzantine art in modern Tunisia, Tunis was originally a Berber settlement. There are also some mentions in ancient Roman sources of such names of nearby towns as Tuniza (now El Kala), Thunusuda (now Sidi-Meskin), Thinissut (now Bir Bouregba), and Thunisa (now Ras Jebel). La population tunisienne est estimée à 11,82 millions d’habitants en 2020, contre 9,56 millions en 2000. The capital is also linked to its northern suburbs by the railway line that crosses the lake, dividing the lake into two. Tunis has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa),[37] characterized by hot and dry, prolonged summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall. In the early 14th century, Hafsid Darba Abû al-Muhammad al-Mustansir Lihyânî ordered the construction of a second chamber including the Medina and two suburbs outside. Gulf finance house or GFH has invested $10 billion in order for the construction of tunis financial harbor, that will transform Tunisia as the gateway to Africa from Europe. Students can pursue language studies at small private schools such as Sidi Bou Said Centre for Languages (Centre Sidi Bou Said de Langues et d'Informatique) in the picturesque Tunis suburb of Sidi Bou Said, next to the Sidi Bou Said TGM station that specializes in Arabic, offering classes in Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), classical Arabic, Tunisian Arabic and the various dialects of North Africa, the Gulf and the Levant. They support a range of residential and commercial buildings. Sea breezes may mitigate the heat, but sometimes the sirocco winds reverse the trend. See also the number of migrants for this country. The average annual population growth rate between 2010 and 2017 was 1.2 per cent. At its core lies its ancient medina, a World Heritage Site. [68] The Rachidia was founded in 1934 to safeguard Arab music, and in particular to promote Tunisian and malouf music. Unlike Algiers, Palermo and Naples, its historical heart has never suffered from major natural disasters or urban radical interventions. Until independence, Sadiki College (founded 1875) and Khaldounia (founded 1896) were also among the most recognized. Compared to the ancient ruins of Carthage, the ruins of ancient Tunis are not as large. The victory against the corsairs is recorded in a tapestry at the Royal Palace of Madrid. The economic structure of Tunis, as well as that of the country, is overwhelmingly tertiary industry. [86] The main roads to other Tunisian cities include: Autoroute A1, Tunis-Sfax; Autoroute A3, Tunis-Oued Zarga; and Autoroute A4, Tunis-Bizerte. [51] As in the rest of Tunisia, literacy in the region of Tunis evolved rapidly during the second half of the 20th century and has reached a level slightly higher than the national average. The 2005 World Championship final for men in team handball was played in Tunis. [87] The city has also held the Mediterranean Games twice, in 1967 and 2001, and the international tennis tournament, the Tunis Open, which is included in the ATP Challenger Series. [85] The capital is home to approximately 40% of the cars in Tunisia, with 700,000 cars on average used in the city per day. Countries are listed in alphabetical order. [79], Built in the 17th century, the Dar Ben Achour also contains a library. It forms a natural bridge and since ancient times several major roads linking to Egypt and elsewhere in Tunisia have branched out from it. The ancient city of Carthage is located just north of Tunis along the coastal part. [64][65], Greeks used to enjoy an important presence in the city since ancient times. Only the Bey of Tunis refused to comply, with the result that Blake's fifteen ships attacked the Bey's arsenal at Porto Farina (Ghar el Melh), destroying nine Algerian ships and two shore batteries, the first time in naval warfare that shore batteries had been eliminated without landing men ashore. The local climate is also affected somewhat by the latitude of the city, the moderating influence of the Mediterranean sea and the terrain of the hills. Winter is the wettest season of the year, when more than a third of the annual rainfall falls during this period, raining on average every two or three days. Blog - Follow us on Twitter - Buy a poster - Contact us by email, © December 2019 by, made available under a Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0 IGO:, Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100, Less developed regions, excluding least developed countries, Comparison of carbon emissions per country, List of countries ordered by their population size, Origin of the migrants stocks per country, Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19), Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population), Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV), Antiretroviral therapy coverage (% of people living with HIV), Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total), Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs (% of children under age 5 with fever), Completeness of death registration with cause-of-death information (%), Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79), Diarrhea treatment (% of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding), GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$), Health expenditure per capita (current US$), Immunization, BCG (% of one-year-old children) - Turberculosis, Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and Tetanus, Immunization, HepB3 (% of one-year-old children) - Hepatitis B, Immunization, Hib3 (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Meningitis, Pneumonia, and Epiglottitis, Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months), Immunization, Polio (% of one-year-old children), Incidence of HIV (% of uninfected population ages 15-49), Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk), Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people), Labor force, female (% of total labor force), Literacy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24), People practicing open defecation, urban (% of urban population), Population ages 65 and above (% of total), Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49), Prevalence of overweight, female (% of female adults), Prevalence of overweight, male (% of male adults), Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5), Prevalence of syphilis (% of women attending antenatal care), Public spending on education, total (% of GDP), Risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care (% of people at risk), School enrollment, secondary, male (% net), Sex ratio at birth (male births per female births), Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults), Suicide mortality rate (per 100,000 population), Tuberculosis death rate (per 100,000 people), Unemployment, total (% of total labor force), Population Pyramids: Tunisia - 2004. The Arab League, which represents 22 Arab nations, transferred its headquarters to Tunis in 1979 because of Egypt's peace with Israel but has been headquartered back in Egypt since 1990. The 2008 budget adopted by the City Council is structured as follows: 61.61 million dinars for operations and 32,516 million dinars for investment. Under the rule of deys and Moorish beys, the capital sprang into new life. Domestic architecture (palaces and townhouses), official and civilian (libraries and administrations), religious (mosques and zaouïas) and services (commercial and fondouks) are located in the Medina. The small Orthodox community is centred around the Greek Orthodox Church (1862), managed by the Greek Embassy and the Russian Orthodox Church (1957), reflecting the presence in Tunisia of a small colony of Russian immigrants.[63]. In autumn, it begins to rain, often with short thunderstorms, which can sometimes cause flash floods or even flood some parts of the city. World Population Prospects 2019 The Grand Prix of Tunis has re-emerged since 2000. [66] The park covers an area of more than one hundred hectares across roads that can be explored on foot or by car. The planning of the Medina of Tunis has the distinction of not grid lines or formal geometric compositions. Tunis has been the capital of Tunisia since 1159. The municipality of Tunis is divided into 15 municipal districts:[49] These include El Bab Bhar, Bab Souika, Cité El Khadra, Jelloud Jebel El Kabaria, El Menzah, El Ouardia, Ettahrir, Ezzouhour, Hraïria, Medina, El Omrane, El Omrane Higher Séjoumi, Sidi El-Bashir and Sidi Hassine. The city is mentioned in the Tabula Peutingeriana as Thuni. - Keywords: demography, population pyramid, age pyramid, aging, retirement, Tunisia, 2004. The city lies on a similar latitude as the southernmost points of Europe. Built by the Hafsid dynasty in the 15th century, the name Bardo comes from the Spanish word "prado" meaning a garden. Its population grew by additions from various ethnicities, among which were Moorish refugees from Spain, and economic activities diversified. However, following the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the Spanish under John of Austria succeeded in retaking the city and re-establishing the Hafsid sovereign in October 1573. [2][3] Some scholars claim that it originated from Tynes, which was mentioned by Diodorus Siculus and Polybius in the course of descriptions of a location resembling present-day Al-Kasbah; Tunis's old Berber village. Kasserine, town in west-central Tunisia. At the beginning of the 20th century, a number of sports institutions were established in Tunis, particularly in school and college settings. The Tunis area is served by the métro léger (Ar. Further east by the sea lie the suburbs of Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said. Founded in 698 is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque and the surrounding area which developed throughout the Middle Ages,[57] dividing Tunis into a main town in two suburbs, in the north (Bab Souika) and the south (Bab El Jazira). However, between 1994 and 2004, the population of the governorate of Tunis grew more than 1.03% per annum. Depuis son accession à l'indépendance en 1956, la Tunisie a réalisé cinq recensements de population (1966, 1975, 1984, 1994 et 2004). [85] In this context, major road infrastructure (bridges, interchanges, roads, etc..) was initiated in the late 1990s to decongest the main areas of the capital. The National Center of the Arts established the puppet theatre in 1976. [14] In the system of Roman roads for the Roman province of Africa, Tunis had the title of mutatio ("way station, resting place"). Largest Cities in Tunisia CITY NAME The Esperance Sportive de Tunis (EST), Club Africain (CA), and Stade Tunisien are the major sports clubs in the city. Chart and table of India population from 1950 to 2021. Local opposition to the authorities began to intensify in September 945, when Kharijite insurgents occupied Tunis, resulting in general pillaging. The isthmus between them is what geologists call the "Tunis dome", which includes hills of limestone and sediments. With the development of the capital under the reign of the Hafsids, two emerging suburbs grew outside the walls; Bab El Jazira in the south and Bab Souika to the north. [73] After being closed for fifteen years, it was turned into a small theater in 1986, and since 2001 has housed the first Arab-African center for theater training and research. It belongs to the Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, and its cathedral, small school and other buildings are in Central Tunis. Tunisia Crime Rate & Statistics - Historical Data; Year Per 100K Population Annual % Change; 2012: 3.00: 11.11%: 2010: 2.70: 12.50%: 2009: 2.40-11.11%: 2008: 2.70: 0.00%: 2007: 2.70: 12.50%: 2006: 2.40-7.69%: 2005: 2.60: 36.84%: 2004: 1.90: 36.84% The spatial distribution of population density in 2004 based on country total adjusted to match the corresponding UNPD estimate, Tunisia Tunisia looks like many nations around the world with a young population, growing economy, ... (2004) find evidence that CO2 emissions and national income are negatively related at … [28] miles). A new mass transit was planned for Greater Tunis in 2009. Practicing the Maliki rite as the vast majority of Tunisia's Mosques. However, Tunis remained modestly sized compared to Carthage during this time.[15]. The Musical Troupe of the City of Tunis was created in 1954 by Salah El Mahdi. But football is not the only discipline to emerge. To punish the Zirids, he unleashed the Banu Hilal Arab tribe on Ifriqiya; a large part of the country was set to the torch, the Zirid capital Kairouan was razed in 1057, and only a few coastal towns, including Tunis and Mahdia, escaped destruction. Some of the fortifications around it have now largely disappeared, and it is flanked by the two suburbs of Bab Souika to the north and Bab El Jazira to the south. The first took place on 9 June 1907, between teams from Lycée Alaoui and Lycée Carnot (1–1). 6- La capitale connaît le plus important flux migratoire, puisqu’elle concentre 20% de la population totale, pour seulement 2% de la superficie totale du pays. However, it is common for temperatures to soar even as early as April with record temperatures reaching 40 °C (104 °F). [74] The first screenings were held the following year and the first cinema, the Omnia Pathé, opened in October 1908. M. Th Houtsma, First Encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913–1936, BRILL, 1987 p.839, Albert Habib Hourani, Malise Ruthven (2002). Located in an old beylical palace (the palace of the Bey of Tunis since the end of the 18th century), the Bardo National Museum (Tunis) is the most important archaeological museum in the Maghreb, and has one of the richest Roman mosaic collections in the world. At the same time, an active policy of industrialization is developing the municipal economy. La Tunisie à travers les recensements généraux de la population Télécharger (1Mo) (pdf) Présentation de la conférence de presse : Télécharger (7 Mo ) ( swf : animation flash) l’INS est en train de mettre en ligne progressivement les résultats du recensement. The gaps created by their departure were filled by Tunisians who emigrated to Tunis from other parts of the country. Given the valuable items it sells, it is the only souk whose doors are closed and guarded during the night. When the Arab Muslim troops conquered the region at the end of the 7th century, they established themselves at the outskirts of ancient Tunes, and the small town soon became the city of Tunis that could easily be taken for an Arab foundation. Other arts are also represented in the capital. Mongi Gharbi, « Trombes d'eau sur Tunis et certains gouvernorats du pays », "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010", "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie", "Tunis-Carthage Climate Normals 1961–1990", Constitution de la République tunisienne (Jurisite Tunisie),, Budget de la municipalité de Tunis pour l'année 2008 (Municipalité de Tunis), Arrondissements municipaux (Municipalité de Tunis), Population, répartition proportionnelle et taux d'accroissement par gouvernorat (Institut national de la statistique), Stratégie de développement de la ville de Tunis (Municipalité de Tunis), Fiche de présentation de la médina (Association de sauvegarde de la médina de Tunis), Entretien avec Jamila Binous sur la médina de Tunis (TV5), Promenade de Marie-Ange Nardi et Lotfi Bahri dans les souks de Tunis (TV5), "Contextuality, Contextualization, and the New Christians of Tunis", "Saudi Aramco World : The Musical Pulse of Tunisia", Musique et conservatoires (Municipalité de Tunis), "The Cultural Importance Of The Tunisian Carthage Film Festival", "The Carthage Film Festival celebrates its 50th birthday", Statistiques officielles (Ministère de l'éducation nationale), Chokri Ben Nessir, « Une véritable requalification routière ». In addition to some 200 bus routes, the first light rail line opened in 1985. During the Almohad and Hafsid periods Tunis was one of the richest and grandest cities in the Islamic world, with a population of about 100,000. The Tunisian Symphony Orchestra, created in 1969 by the Minister of Culture, has also produced monthly concerts at the Municipal Theater and in various cultural spaces in the city. It represents, in the 2004 census, 9.9% of the total population of Tunisia. At midday on 20 May 1943, the Allies held a victory parade on Avenue Maréchal Galliéni, and Avenue Jules Ferry, to signal the end of fighting in North Africa. After the performance, the people returned to their homes.[20]. After the war, the city faced new transformations as the modern portion grew in importance and extended its network of boulevards and streets in all directions. Population is defined as all nationals present in, or temporarily absent from a country, and aliens permanently settled in a country. 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